Understanding the Causes of Eye Bags and Effective Treatments for Swollen and Puffy Eyes

Oct 02, 2023 By Madison Evans

Many of us feel frustrated when we look in the mirror and see those dreaded eye bags covering our under-eye area. Those puffy eyes can make us appear permanently ‘tired’ and exhausted – not to mention the additional signs of ageing that arise from the wrinkles, dark circles, and fine lines they bring. It’s a common problem for adults all around the world - but what causes it? And how can you effectively reduce them so you no longer have to face this daily embarrassment? In this blog post, we will dig deeper into understanding why some people (even young ones) are more prone to eye bag problems than other.

What Causes Eye Bags and Swollen Eyes?

Eye bags and swollen eyes can occur due to a variety of reasons, such as lack of sleep, allergies, dehydration, and aging. The puffiness around the eyes can also be a sign of an underlying medical condition that requires immediate attention.


The natural process of aging can cause the eyelid skin to become thinner and sag, leading to an increase in puffiness around the eyes. The reduction of collagen and elastin production due to age can also cause dark circles and wrinkles under the eyes.

Fluid retention, especially upon waking or after a salty meal:

Fluid retention is a common cause of eye bags and can be caused by eating salty foods, drinking alcohol, or not getting enough sleep. The buildup of fluids in the delicate skin under our eyes causes it to become swollen and puffy.

Lack of sleep:

Lack of sleep can deprive the skin of its natural healing and rejuvenation processes, resulting in increased puffiness around the eyes. Not getting enough rest also leads to fatigue, which causes dark circles under the eyes and an overall tired appearance.


Allergies can cause the blood vessels in our eyes to expand, leading to an increase in fluid retention and puffiness around the eyes. Pollen allergies, pet dander, dust mites and other allergens can all lead to eye bags and swollen eyes.


Smoking is not only bad for your heart and lungs, but also for the delicate skin around your eyes. The constant puffing of cigarette smoke can lead to an increase in dark circles, wrinkles, and puffiness around the eyes.

Genetics — under-eye bags can run in families:

Certain genetic factors can also play a role in developing under-eye bags. If your parents or relatives suffer from them, it’s likely that you could be prone to them too.

Medical conditions, such as dermatitis, dermatomyositis, renal disease and thyroid eye disease:

Certain medical conditions such as dermatitis, dermatomyositis, renal disease and thyroid eye disease can also lead to under-eye bags. If you’re suffering from any of these conditions, it’s best to consult a doctor for proper diagnosis and treatment.

The Dangers of Not Treating Eye Bags and Swollen Eyes Properly:

Eye bags and swollen eyes can be a sign of an underlying health problem, such as allergies or thyroid disease. Left untreated, the swelling can worsen and lead to headaches, fatigue, and even vision problems. It's crucial to seek proper medical attention and follow a treatment plan to avoid the potential dangers that come from neglecting these symptoms.

Home Remedies You Can Use To Reduce Eye Bags and Swollen Eyes:

There are many home remedies you can try to reduce eye bags and soothe swollen eyes. One effective remedy is to place cool cucumber slices over your eyes for 15-20 minutes. The antioxidants and flavonoids found in cucumbers can reduce inflammation and swelling.

Another remedy is to apply a cold, damp tea bag to your eyes for 10-15 minutes. The caffeine in tea helps constrict blood vessels and reduce swelling.

  • If you experience discharge from your eyes, it is recommended to rinse them with a saline solution.
  • Apply a refreshing cool compress to your eyes.
  • Please remove contact lenses, if you are wearing them.
  • Apply chilled black tea bags to your eyes for a refreshing experience.
  • Elevate your head at night to decrease fluid retention.
  • Try antihistamines if you have allergies.

Tips for Preventing Eye Bags and Swollen Eyes in the Future:

There are steps that people can take to prevent eye bags and swollen eyes in the future.

  • Getting adequate sleep
  • Eating a healthy diet
  • Managing stress
  • Avoiding excessive sun exposure are easy lifestyle changes that can make a big difference.
  • Using a cold compress and reducing salt intake can also help reduce puffiness around the eyes.

By taking these steps, individuals can maintain a refreshed and youthful appearance and protect their eye health over time.


Swollen eyes and eye bags are a common problem for many people. While there is no one-size-fits-all solution to this issue, understanding the causes, possible dangers and treatments can help you manage the situation. With awareness and dedication to self-care, you can make changes to reduce their appearance or prevent them from occurring in the future. From home remedies such as cold compresses and cucumbers to professional treatments such as facial fillers and skin resurfacing, there are multiple options and approaches available so you can determine what works best for your individual goals.

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